The history of chandeliers goes back to more than eight centuries ago where people start to use the candle holder. Now, it becomes the symbol of luxury.
Chandeliers have always been associated with luxury, royalty, and aristocracy which make them become the symbol of wealth and grandeur.
Perhaps, the chandelier is one of the decorative objects that are so popular, and it has endured through the centuries and still be the object to be desired.
The chandeliers history spans eight hundred years or even more. Tracking who invented chandeliers in the first place may be hard, but you still can learn about its origin.
The first chandeliers were only two pieces of wood tied together and formed a cross, and it has spikes at the end of the wood used to hold the candles. Perhaps you thought that those chandeliers were very simple.
However, they still held their status as a symbol of luxury and were only used in large gather places like churches. The term “chandelier” is derived from the French word, adapted from Latin, which means “candle holder.” This was an accurate description of this object at first, but as time advances along with the improvement in the production technique, the sense was lost.
Chandeliers have evolved, and they have new designs and spread all over the worlds. The initial purpose, which is to give lighting to space, has shifted.
It still serves its main purpose, from holding candles to LED light bulbs, but now it has become a marvelous centerpiece of lighting. The chandeliers history is multifaceted, and it covers many periods of time, and it comes down to how people used lighting for their spaces.
Crystals are probably the object that is closely related to chandeliers. Rock crystal’s history began in the 17th century.
The main “ingredient” of a crystal chandelier, the rock crystals, are developed in a long, long time. Each crystal has its characteristic, and it is made of geological events which took place a long time ago – million years in particular. Then, the glassmakers from French used the rock crystals and molded it into the glass drops.
Glass chandeliers, in the 18th century, were manufactured by Bohemians and the Venetian glassmakers.
Also, during this period, two famous chandeliers styles emerged, the baroque and rococo styles. In 1676, George Ravenscroft, a British man, found a new type of glass that can be used for crystals and had it patented. It was called the flint glass.
It contains lead oxide which makes glass clearer. Lead oxide also makes the cutting process easier. It can also be colored so many artisans experimented with making colorful glass.
At around the same time, Venetian glass masters incorporated an interesting touch to chandeliers.
The Venetian chandelier is characterized by glass flowers ornament and their big sizes. Besides flowers and leaves, the also created other decorative elements such as garlands and other things which are usually made of bronze. The Russian adapted the coloring technique to the glass, and they created their style of chandeliers featuring the colored glass.
In the Czech Republic, or used to be called Bohemia, glass masters copied the types of chandeliers which had huge popularity in Britain and France.
The thing that makes their creation unique is the use of wood in their style and design because, during that time, wood was quite plentiful there.
The most important figure of the making of glass chandelier in Bohemia was Adolf Schonbek. He left his family business, and in 1870, he took a leap of faith and his own company where he manufactured glass chandeliers was born.
Another style of chandeliers which emerged during the 17th century is the Rezzonico chandeliers.
It has a rich history that goes back to the Rezzonico family in the 17th century. The Rezzonico family is one of the richest families in Venice.
They asked a glassmaker to produce an impressive, mesmerizing chandelier for their ballroom.
The chandelier would show off their wealth and status in the society. The Murano chandeliers, which is created by Gianni Seguso, then recreate the magnificent style.
After the industrial revolution, objects for decoration that also includes chandeliers became accessible to more people.
Along with the invention of the electric light bulb, the designs and structure of chandeliers adapted to the new technology and chandelier designers started thinking new ideas and finding new inspiration.
In 1965, Daniel Swarovski, who is famous for his crystals, entered the chandelier business and completely changed the initial purpose of chandeliers.
He had made this light fixture into an eye-catching, luxurious décor element.
Chandeliers history plays a very important role in its evolution. Nowadays, the design of chandeliers can also contain hints of the past. In the 1930s, there was the Rococo revival. The Art Deco style, which represents the 1920s, also harkens back to the past. In the early 20th century, modernism became popular, but the chandelier market today incorporates a little bit of all the styles mentioned before.
It has Rococo ornateness, the simplicity of Neoclassical, the beauty of Tiffany, and a little bit of this and that. It is a perfect combination of history and art in a single decorative item.